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Criminality by Country of Origin


Police Criminal Statistics (PKS) from Germany's Federal Criminal Police Office is the world's most comprehensive database of crime by country of origin. Combined with population data from Germany's Federal Statistical Office, criminality in Germany for 2019 by country of origin is calculated and shown below. 2019's results are consistent with those of prior years.



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Click column headings to sort. Definitions, sources and other info are below data.


Country of Origin#CrimesRatePer100kxDERate#XsCrime#PopInDE


Heading Definitions and Sources

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
DEFINITION = Countries with citizens in Germany during 2019. Also on the list are four pseudo-country entries: Total Suspects, Total non-Germans, Stateless, and Without Specificaton and Unexplained.
SOURCE = Tabelle 62 Straftaten und Staatsangehörigkeit nichtdeutscher Tatverdächtiger [Criminal offenses and country of origin of non-German Suspects] from the Federal Criminal Police Office's Police Criminal Statistics 2019: Standard Übersicht Tatverdächtigentabellen [Standard Overview Suspect Tables]. One country was removed from the list due to lack of data on how many of their nationals were in Germany during 2019: Cook Islands. There was only one crime in which a Cook Islander was a suspect.

ID / Crime
DEFINITION = All ten top level (Level 1) Offenses and four selected crimes from the 890000 series.
SOURCE = Federal Criminal Police Office's Straftatenkatalog 2019 [Catalog of Offences 2019].

#Crimes
DEFINITION = Number of crimes committed in Germany during 2019 in which specified nationals were suspects.
SOURCE = As per Country of Origin.

RatePer100k
DEFINITION = #Crimes by nationals of specified country per 100,000 nationals of that country in Germany. This is a measure of criminality by country of origin. Crimes per 100,000 people is a standard measure in crime statistics. Calculation is: #Crimes(i) / Population(i) * 100,000 where i is the country and Population(i) is the population of people from country i in Germany in 2019. Key to the calculation are the sources of foreign populations in Germany.
SOURCE = Two main sources of data about foreign populations in Germany are those (1) extrapolated quarterly from the 2011 Census and (2) recorded annually in the Central Register of Foreign Nationals (Ausländerzentralregister). Although both are published by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), the Census-based numbers are lower than the Register-based numbers. On advice from Destatis, CMW.NEWS has taken the average of the two sources. Our approach to produce the 2019 average population in Germany by country of origin was to (1) take country-specific Central Register of Foreign Nationals data from end 2018 and end 2019 to produce average population per country for 2019, then (2) average the averaged Register (as above) and the mid-2019 Census totals, and finally (3) scale the country populations to equal the average of the Register and Census totals. This scaling resulted in a reduction of country populations in Germany by about 4%. For German nationals, population is taken from Census data as they are naturally not included in the Central Register of Foreign Nationals.

xDERate
DEFINITION = rate of criminality of specified country's nationals as a multiple of the German rate of criminality. Calculation is: Per100k(i) / Per100k(DE) where i is the specified country and DE is Germany (Deutschland).
SOURCE = As per RatePer100k.

#XsCrime
DEFINITION = excess number of crimes of specified country's nationals in Germany i.e. the number of crimes above the German rate. Calculation is: (Per100k(i) - Per100k(DE)) * Population(i) / 100,000.
SOURCE = As per RatePer100k.

#PopInDE
DEFINITION = Average population of specified country's nationals in Germany during 2019.
SOURCE = As per RatePer100k.


Note

The real rate at which those from specific nationalities commit crimes is likely a significantly higher multiple of the ethnic German rate than those shown here for German nationals because:
- thousands of crimes are tabulated by the BKA as having country of origin of Staatenlos [Stateless], Ohne Angabe [Without Specification], and Ungeklärt [Unexplained]
- there are long-running and credible claims police ignore or do not report crimes against Germans due to political pressure
- there are long-running and credible claims police do not record crimes against non-Germans for the same reason
- increasing numbers of German citizens have a migrant background. For example, over five million people of Turkish immigrant background are estimated to have German citizenship, but they are included as German nationals in criminal statistics rather than as Turkish nationals. It is unlikely these immigrants' crime rate suddenly fell to the German rate upon being granted German citizenship. Unsurprisingly, second and third generation immigrants are estimated to have a rate of criminality twice that of native Germans. Using Destatis data to remove Germans with migrant background, CMW.NEWS estimates that the criminality of ethnic Germans is at least 10% lower than the official figures for German nationals. This means that the criminality of other nationals is at least 10% higher than that reported here when compared to ethnic Germans rather than German nationals due to this reason alone.